There are a few essential elements of a book citation, including author(s), title, publisher, and year of publication. A book chapter additionally includes the title of the chapter as well as the title of the book.
When following APA style, make note of the particular capitalization conventions in the title, how author initials—not full first names—are used, and that the year of publication follows the author. Here is a color-coded guide to creating book citations, followed by additional examples.
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Lastname, A. A. (Year). Title of book italicized. Location:
Dweck, C. S. (2006). Mindset: The new psychology of success. New York: Random House.
Wheeler, S. C., DeMarree, K. G., & Petty, R. E. (2005). The roles of the self in priming-to-behavior
effects. In A. Tesser, J. V. Wood & D. A. Stapel (Eds.), On building, defending and
regulating the self: A psychological perspective (pp. 245-271). New York: Psychology Press.
Schwartz, S. J., Luyckx, K., & Vignoles, V.L. (Eds.). (2011). Handbook of identity theory and research.
New York: Springer.
Journal article citations include both the title of the article and the title of the journal, the volume and/or issue numbers, and page numbers. They do not contain the name and location of the publisher.
Newspaper and magazine citations are similar to journal citations, but contain a precise publication date and not an issue number.
When following APA style, make note of the particular capitalization conventions in the title, how author initials—not full first names—are used, and that the year of publication follows the author. Here is a color-coded guide to citing a journal article, followed by additional examples:
Lastname, A. A. (Year). Article title in lower case: Subtitles and
proper nouns capitalized. Periodical Title Italicized,
volume(issue), pages. doi number.
Kruger, J., & Dunning, D. (1999). Unskilled and unaware of it: How difficulties in recognizing
one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of Personality
and Social Psychology, 77(6), 1121-34. doi:10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1681
Tierney, J. (2007, Nov. 6). Go ahead, rationalize. Monkeys do it, too. The New York Times, p. F1.
Mehta, S. (2014, Feb. 3). The superiority complex. Time, 183, 34-39.
Lastname, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from