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Citation Style Guides: MLA 8th

MLA Book Citations

There are a few essential elements of a book citation, including author(s), title, publisher, and year of publication.

When following MLA style, make note of the order of elements in the citation, and that the "medium of publication"—either Print or Web—is identified. Here is a color-coded guide to creating book citations, followed by additional examples:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book Italicized
     Publisher Name,
 Year.

Book:
Westney, William. The Perfect Wrong Note: Learning to Trust Your Musical Self. ‚Äč
          Amadeus Press, 2006.

Book Chapter, or Work from an Anthology or Collection: 
Orwell, George. "Politics and the English Language." The Norton Anthology of English
          Literature,
 edited by Meyer Howard Abrams and Stephen Greenblatt, 7th ed. Vol. 2,
          W.W. Norton, 2000, pp. 2462-71.

MLA Periodical Citations

Journal article citations must include both the title of the article and the title of the journal, the volume and/or issue numbers, and page numbers. Unlike book citations, they do not contain the name and location of the publisher.

Newspaper and magazine citations are similar to journal citations, but contain a precise publication date without volume and issue numbers.

When following MLA style, article titles are placed inside quotation marks, with words in the title capitalized. Note of the ordering of elements in the citation, and that the "medium of publication"—either Print or Web—is identified. Here is a color-coded guide to citing a journal article, followed by additional examples:

Lastname, Firstname. "Article Title in Quotation Marks." 
          
Periodical Title Italics, vol. num, iss. num, year, pp. pages.
          
Database Title italics, doi number.

Journal Article:         
Palmer, Beth. "Are the Victorians Still with Us?: Victorian Sensation Fiction and Its Legacies
          in the Twenty-First Century." Victorian Studies, vol. 52, no.1, 2009, pp. 86-94.

Same Journal Article in an Online Database:         
Palmer, Beth. "Are the Victorians Still with Us?: Victorian Sensation Fiction and Its Legacies
           in the Twenty-First Century." Victorian Studies, vol. 52, no.1, 2009, pp. 86-94.
          JSTOR, doi:10.2979/vic.2009.52.1.86.

Newspaper Article:
Wade, Nicholas. "A New Language Arises, and Scientists Watch it Evolve." The New York
          Times
, 1 Feb. 2005, p. F1. 

Magazine Article:
Kluger, Jeffrey. "The Power of the Bilingual Brain." Time, 29 Jul. 2013, p. 42-47.

MLA Website Citations

Lastname, Firstname. "Item Title in Quotes." Title of Website 
     in Italics,
Publisher, Publisher Date, 
    URL (without https://) DOI or permalink.

Website:

“Middle East: Armenia.” The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, August 1, 2017,
          www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html

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Check out MLA OWL Guide from Purdue for more examples!