Dr. Paul N. Reinsch
Paul N Reinsch is a film historian whose work most often addresses film sound and argues for the intersection of history and theory in accounting for this neglected component of cinema. He has worked as a film reviewer, movie theater popcorn peddler, American Movie Classics researcher and more recently has lectured on Tyler Perry, game shows, Dick Wolf, and R. Kelly.
Dr. Adrian Popan
Adrian Popan earned a MA degree in Sociology at Texas Tech in 2009, and a PhD at University of Texas at Austin in 2015. The same year he joined the faculty in the SASW department, where he teaches a range of classes in Sociology. His current research interests are the personality cults of state leaders, and insincerity as social phenomenon.
This Reading Group is sponsored in part by the Humanities Center at Texas Tech,
Dorothy Chansky, Director.
1984 Bibliography for Additional Reading
Other Novels by Orwell
1. Orwell, George. Burmese Days: A Novel. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1934. PR6029.R8 B9.
2. Orwell, George. A Clergyman's Daughter. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1935. ISBN: 9780156180658. PR6029.R8 C6 1960.
3. Orwell, George. Keep the Aspidistra Flying. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1936. ISBN: 0156468999. PR6029.R8 2011.
4. Orwell, George. Coming Up for Air. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1939. PR6029.R8 C7 1954.
5. Orwell, George. Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1945. PR6029.R8 A5.
1. Orwell, George. Down and Out in Paris and London. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1933.
2. Orwell, George. The Road to Wigan Pier.
3. Orwell, George. Homage to Catalonia. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1938. University Library call number: DP269.9 .O7.
Books about George Orwell
1. Bowker, Gordon. Inside George Orwell. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 Z5893 2003.
2. Gleason, Abbott, Jack Goldsmith, and Martha C. Nussbaum. On Nineteen Eighty-four: Orwell and Our Future. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 N64326 2005. Available online via Ebrary.
Other Relevant Books
1. Hynes, Samuel. Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984: A Collection of Critical Essays. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 N55.
2. Norris, Christopher. Inside the Myth: Orwell, Views from the Left. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 Z7126 1984.
3. Steinhoff, William R. George Orwell and the Origins of 1984. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 N67.
4. Woodcock, George. Orwell's Message: 1984 and the Present. University Library call number: PR6029.R8 Z89 1984.
Films and Documentaries
1. Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984). Starring John Hurt, Richard Burton, Suzanna Hamilton, and Cyril Cusack. Written and directed by Michael Radford.
2. George Orwell: A Concise Biography (2011) by Malcolm Hossick for the Films Media Group.
3. George Orwell's 1984 (2007) by Anthony Burgess for the Films Media Group.
4. Among the Ruins (1919-1939) (2011). Produced and directed by David Berry. Available online via Films on Demand.
1984 Book Reading
October 17, 2016
Born Eric Arthur Blair on June 25, 1903 in Bengal, India to an upper-middle class English family, whose father served in the Indian Civil Service. Soon after his birth he moved to England with his mother and older sister, where he attended English public schools and showed an early interest in writing. He attended Eton, but not college deciding to join the Imperial Police in Burma in 1922. He chronicled his experiences in Burma in several essays and Burmese Days (1934). After becoming ill he returned to England in 1927 and decided to take up writing full-time. He wrote of his early experiences as a struggling writer in Down and Out in Paris and London (1933) and at that time started using the pen name, George Orwell, in order to “avoid embarrassing his family.” During this time, the early 1930s, he supported himself with a series of odd jobs and teaching school. Again he chronicled his life with a novel The Road to Wigan Pier (1937). His last two novels reflect Orwell’s growing concern with social injustice, which he first saw in Burma. His activity in the Socialist movement lead him to go to Spain in 1936, to fight on the side of the Republican forces, but not before marrying Eileen O’Shaughnessy on June 9, 1936.
While fighting in the Spanish Civil War he was seriously wounded and sent home to England to recuperate. At the outbreak of war and since he was declared unfit for military service, he took on a series of jobs to help the war effort until he got War Work reporting for the BBC. In 1943, he decided to turn his attention once again to writing full time and quit his job with the BBC to devote himself to writing essays, reviews, and a new novel Animal Farm (1945), which became a commercial success. Later that year, 1943, while he was away, his wife died while undergoing surgery.
With the success of Animal Farm, Orwell became a much sought after writer and consequently he turned his efforts to writing essays, reviews, and what would become his last published novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). Nineteen Eighty-Four was generally well-received, although some critics thought it overly gloomy and pessimistic. Despite its critics the book is still widely read and continues to have an impact on popular culture. A heavy smoker and not endowed with robust health, Orwell died on January 21, 1950, at the age of 46, from tuberculosis.
1984 Book Reading
October 10, 2016
“On each landing, opposite the lift-shaft, the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran.” page 1-2
“…there seemed to be no color in anything, except the posters that were plastered everywhere. The black-mustachio’d face gazed down from every commanding corner. There was one on the house-front immediately opposite. BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption said, while the dark eyes looked deep into Winston’s own.” page 2
“The Ministry of Truth—Minitrue, in Newspeak [Newspeak was the official language of Oceania. For an account of its structure and etymology see Appendix.]—was startlingly different from any other object in sight. It was an enormous pyramidal structure of glittering white concrete, soaring up, terrace after terrace, 300 meters into the air. From where Winston stood it was just possible to read, picked out on its white face in elegant lettering, the three slogans of the Party:
WAR IS PEACE
FREEDOM IS SLAVERY
IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH” page 4
“George Orwell's 1984 is the expression of mood, and it is a warning. The mood it expresses is that of near despair about the future of man, and the warning is that unless the course of history changes, men all over the world will lose their most human qualities, will become soulless automatons, and will not even be aware of it.
The mood of hopelessness about the future of man is in marked contrast to one of the most fundamental features of Western thought: the faith in human progress and in man's capacity to create a world of justice and peace.”