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Open Educational Resources: Biology

A guide to textbooks, course materials and multimedia which are free or or low cost for educational use. These resources were created with the intention of being widely used and are legal to use in courses with proper citation.

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Open Biology Textbooks

Concepts of Biology  -OpenStax

Concepts of Biology is designed for the introductory biology course for nonmajors taught at most two- and four-year colleges. The scope, sequence, and level of the program are designed to match typical course syllabi in the market. Concepts of Biology includes interesting applications, features a rich art program, and conveys the major themes of biology. 

Senior Contributors:

Samantha Fowler, Clayton State University

Rebecca Roush, Sandhills Community College

James Wise, Hampton University 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported  License.


Biology  -OpenStax

Biology is grounded in an evolutionary basis and includes exciting features that highlight careers in the biological sciences and everyday applications of the concepts at hand. To meet the needs of today’s instructors and students, some topics have been condensed and combined; for example, phylogenetic trees are presented in the various ways they are currently being developed by scholars, so instructors can adapt their teaching to the approach that works best in their classroom. The book also includes an innovative art program that incorporates critical thinking and clicker questions to help students understand—and apply—key concepts. 

Senior Contributors:

Yael Avissar, Rhode Island College, Cell Biology

Jung Choi, Georgia Institute of Technology, Genetics

Jean DeSaix, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Evolution

Vladimir Jurukovski, Suffolk County Community College, Animal Physiology

Robert Wise, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, Plant Biology

Connie Rye, East Mississippi Community College, General Content Lead

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported  License.



Biofundamentals™  -Mike Klymkowsky, Ph.D.

"The text is clear and concise, and the images and tutorials you've chosen are excellent. I've been blundering about for the last few years trying to adapt the textbooks offered to my (often unfocused) vision of how students could best make sense of biology."   -Matthew W. Brewer, Ph.D., Georgia State University

About the Author:

Mike Klymkowsky, University of Colorado, Biology

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.


Anatomy and Physiology  -OpenStax

Anatomy and Physiology is a dynamic textbook for the yearlong Human Anatomy and Physiology course taught at most two- and four-year colleges and universities to students majoring in nursing and applied health. A&P is 29 chapters of pedagogically effective learning content, organized by body system, and written at an audience-appropriate level. The lucid text, strategically constructed art, inspiring career features, and links to external learning tools address the critical teaching and learning challenges in the course.  -OpenStax


J. Gordon Betts, Tyler Junior College, Life Sciences and Agriculture

Eddie Johnson, Central Oregon Community College, Biology

Jody E. Johnson, Arapahoe Community College, Biology

Dr. James A. Wise, Hampton University, Biology

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported  License.