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Citation Style Guides

Chicago/Turbian Style

ChatGPT Statement

When asked "How do I cite ChatGPT?" on September 18, 2023, ChatGPT produced the following answer.

"As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, there may not be specific citation guidelines for ChatGPT since it is a machine learning model developed by OpenAI. However, when citing ChatGPT or any similar AI model in your work, you should follow standard academic citation practices, including the following elements:

  1. Model Name: Mention the name of the model, which in this case would be "ChatGPT" or the specific version you are using (e.g., "GPT-3.5" or any newer versions that may have been released after my last update).

  2. Author(s) or Organization: Cite OpenAI as the organization responsible for developing ChatGPT. If there are specific authors associated with the research or the model, include their names as well.

  3. Publication Date: If there is a specific release date or publication date associated with the version of ChatGPT you are using, include it. If not, you can mention the year when the model was publicly introduced or released (e.g., "Introduced in 2021").

  4. URL: Provide a URL or link to the official OpenAI website or relevant research papers where more information about the model can be found. This could be the OpenAI blog post announcing the model or the research paper describing its architecture.

Here's an example of how you might cite ChatGPT in APA format:

OpenAI. (Year). ChatGPT (Version X.X) [Computer software]. Retrieved from

Please make sure to check for any specific citation guidelines or updates from OpenAI, as practices for citing AI models and software may evolve over time. Additionally, consider the specific style guide (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago) required by your institution or publication for precise formatting and citation rules."