It is important to credit the authors of the resources you consulted in your research. This credit is given through a proper citation that includes the original author's name, the title of the work, the date of publication—
information enabling others to access the research you cited. You should cite sources when
- you use a direct or indirect quotation.
- you paraphrase or summarize someone else's writing.
- you refer to someone else's research or ideas.
Reasons for citing resources:
- Avoiding plagiarism and academic dishonesty
- Demonstrating the originality of your research by distinguishing your ideas from those expressed by other scholars
- Showing that you examined related research
There are multiple steps to citing your resources properly. These may include
- Creating a list of citations for the resources for a bibliography, works cited, or reference list.
- Citing the resources in footnotes or endnotes.
- Citing the resources in the text of your document.
- Obtaining permission to use a quote or content created by someone else.