A Literature Review is the gathering of peer-review scholarly journal articles, books, dissertations, and thesis relevant to a particular topic, area of research, or theory, that provides a summary and critical evaluation of each item. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.
Literature Reviews can be one step in the process of writing peer-reviewed scholarly articles or can be a systematic review that stands alone.
Systematic Literature Review
This page was developed to help users understand what a literature review was and to understand what steps are involved in completing a Literature Review. In addition, there are several boxes that refer you to materials that could be useful while building a Literature Review. Particularly the flow diagram displayed below clearly shows the process.
An organization dedicated to evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. To learn more see their website at http://www.prisma-statement.org/. However, Prisma suggests citing one of their papers and therefore please see https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097.
The Flow Diagram is in picture format in the box to the right.
The checklist offer is useful as you start the process of putting the data together - see below